NGO Aktiv published the research “Inclusion of non-majority and persons with disability in public employment”, with findings which are based on the analysis of quantitative and qualitative data collected in targeted municipalities.
Even though all institutions are obliged to create employment opportunities equally available to all communities, in accordance with the prescribed quota of 10% at the central level and quotas proportional to the number of inhabitants at the local level, practice and previous reports indicate that the representation of communities is below the prescribed minimum.
The report provides an overview of the legal framework, assessments of the representation of communities, as well as an overview of data related to the fulfillment of the legal obligations of the competent services.
“When analyzing the data on employees in municipal administrations, all municipal administrations respect the quotas on the representation of non-majority communities by the percentage provided for the local level of public administration. The municipalities of Štrpce/Shtërpcë and Kamenica/Kamenicë especially stand out when it comes to the employment of communities”, the research showed. The municipality of Leposavić/Leposaviq did not participate in the survey.
The research was carried out in 10 municipalities, in addition to 5 ALVED project municipalities, in Peć/Peja, Štrpce/ Shtërpcë, Leposavić/Leposaviq, Gnjilane/Gjilan and Lipljan/Lipjan, also in Obilić/Obiliq, Kosovo Polje/Fushë Kosovë, Kamenica/Kamenicë, Istok/Istog and Klina/Klinë.
Some of the findings show:
– In Basic Courts, the largest number of community members is employed by the Basic Court in Kamenica, 20.6%, on the positions of judges and administrative workers, while the Basic Court in Lipljan also employs three (3) Serbs and two (2) Turks.
– In the branches of the Post of Kosovo in the 4 municipalities from which we received replies, only in the Post of Kosovo in Kamenica there are employed members of the Serbian community, while in the other 3 municipalities the majority population is employed by 100 percent.
-According to the data obtained from the survey, the municipality of Štrpce with 23.07% of employees from non-majority communities, and the municipality of Kamenica with 15.19% of employees from non-majority communities exceed the legal quotas on representation at the local level.
– Out of 37 institutions, 24 of them, i.e., 64.9% of employees, do not hire disabled persons, while in 13 institutions, of which 8 are municipal administrations, the staff includes disabled persons.
The report showed that employers at the municipal level show a weak commitment to the implementation of legal obligations that were adopted to improve the representation of communities in total employment, have only a rough knowledge of the existence of legal acts that regulate this issue and do not implement the prescribed measures.
The report also provides recommendations for the design of policies and the implementation of employment measures through different levels of social action from institutions to civil society organizations that can design and implement various trainings and campaigns related to employment issues of members of non-majority community.
The report can be downloaded HERE